Bone & Joint Conditions

Age, genetics and physical activity can wear out your joints and bones. If you experience bone or joint pain, swelling or inflammation, make an appointment with a UNM orthopaedic provider.

We offer the latest technology and expertise to treat your condition, including state-of-the-art MRI, CT and bone density tests. Here, you can access the most innovative surgical and nonsurgical treatment options in New Mexico.

Conditions We Treat

Arthritis occurs when one or more joints become inflamed. There are two types of arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear of joints, age, genetics or obesity. Symptoms can be managed through pain medication, weight loss, physical therapy and surgery.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that progressively worsens. Your orthopaedic provider may refer you to an immunologist to help manage your condition. Arthritis can also be caused by certain infections.

Schedule an appointment if you have any of these arthritis symptoms:

  • Joint pain
  • Redness around joint areas
  • Stiffness and decreased range of motion
  • Swelling

There is no cure for arthritis, but with expert care, you can manage your symptoms and regain mobility.

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae—fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints and reduce friction between tissues. Bursitis can be caused by repetitive motions such as kneeling, throwing or prolonged sitting. Athletes are at increased risk of bursitis.

See a doctor if you have symptoms such as:

  • Aching or stiffness in the affected joint
  • Lumps under the skin near the affected joint
  • Pain upon movement
  • Pain upon touching or putting pressure on the affected joint
  • Pain when activity is increased
  • Swelling or redness

Your doctor will do a medical examination and may order an X-ray or MRI to form a diagnosis. Bursitis often heals on its own. Ice, rest and anti-inflammatory medicine can relieve your pain as you heal. Some patients require surgery, though this is rare.

This degenerative condition causes your bones to become weak and brittle. Osteoporosis results from a disruption in the normal bone remodeling process.

Women, especially Caucasian and Asian women, are at increased risk. Other risk factors include:

  • Age
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Family history
  • Insufficient calcium or vitamin D in diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Long-term use of corticosteroids
  • Tobacco use or excessive alcohol consumption
  • Small body frame

People with osteoporosis are at an increased risk of bone fractures. The earlier we can see you, the better. Schedule a visit at the first sign of symptoms, which can include:

  • Loss of height over time
  • Severe back pain (typically due to collapsed or fractured vertebrae)
  • Stooped posture

At your appointment, your provider will conduct a bone density test using X-rays, ultrasounds or CT scans. The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends women over age 65 and men over age 70 get a bone density test.

Treatment options include physical therapy, medication and hormone therapy. To help prevent osteoporosis and build healthy bones, get regular exercise and take calcium and vitamin D supplements.

Make an Appointment

To schedule an orthopaedic appointment, call 505-272-2231.